A communication entitled “Tourism and Air Pollution in Italian regions" was presented by Sara Ciarlantini and Mara Madaleno at the 8th International Conference on Energy and Environment Research (ICEER 2021), held from September 13-16, 2021.

This work intends to analyse the impact of tourism on air pollution at the regional level for Italy, and also investigate the evidence of a tourism-induced Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) for the Italian regions, including variables such as an economic indicator (GDP), energy consumption, and the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments, both by residents and foreign tourists. The findings fail to document any evidence supporting the EKC hypothesis for any of the air pollution variables at a regional level, therefore they do not reveal any inverted-U shape relationship between environmental degradation and output growth driven by tourism for any of the two sub-periods. Even so, the results point out that tourism development has mixed impacts (both positive and negative) on the different air pollutants. However, understanding the relationship between per capita emissions, economic growth, tourism, and the energy consumption is significant for policymakers and countries’ governments.